the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, many public
schools have participated in a resurgence of patriotism by requiring
students to recite the Pledge of Allegiance. A Colorado
law passed in May 2003 requires public school students and
teachers to recite the Pledge of Allegiance daily as part of their
education program. Following a federal court injunction blocking
the implementation of this law in four Colorado school districts,
on August 22, 2003 the State of Colorado asked the federal court
for time to reconsider the law during the 2004 legislative session.
citizens and policymakers may disagree about the appropriateness
of the law, many Colorado citizens agree that learning about the
history and origin of the Pledge, as well as its meaning, should
be an important component of civic education.
These resources and lesson ideas are provided by CELD to assist Colorado
teachers as they develop lessons on the Pledge of Allegiance for their